What is Dizziness?

To describe a range of sensations, dizziness is the perfect word. Sensations such as weakness, unsteadiness, the feeling of faintness, or woozy. Dizziness that leads to a sense of moving or spinning of surroundings is called vertigo. 

Dizziness can refer to a variety of feelings. Dizziness is a symptom of a problem with spatial orientation. Although a dizzy episode does not always signify a life-threatening disease, it might be frightening. Dizziness can be a sign of something more serious, such as a stroke or cardiovascular issues. Even if dizziness isn't the cause of a fall, it still is harmful.

Causes of Dizziness

Dizziness can be caused by a variety of reasons. Some of the different factors of dizziness include - sudden drop in blood pressure, dehydration, inner ear disturbance, medications, infection, poor circulation, or injury. Dizziness is a sensation and vertigo is an illusion movement. 

Vertigo is frequently accompanied by dizziness. Benign positional vertigo is the most prevalent cause of vertigo and vertigo-related dizziness (BPV). When someone shifts postures fast, such as sitting up in bed after lying down, this generates short-term dizziness.

Some other possible causes of dizziness are:- 

  • Low blood sugar
  • Anxiety 
  • Low iron
  • Motion sickness
  • Excessive exercise
  • Heatstroke 
  • Heart muscle disease

Symptoms

When someone is dizzy, they may feel faint, dizzy, weak, nauseated, bewildered, weary, clumsy, off-balance, or any combination of these feelings. The individual may sense movement in themselves or the surrounding, such as spinning, rocking, or whirling.

Dizziness is frequently accompanied by additional symptoms, such as:

  • Confusion 
  • Nausea or vomiting 
  • Lightheadedness 
  • Weakness 
  • Tiredness 
  • Head pressure 
  • Fainting 
  • Tightness of chest 

If you experience any of the above-mentioned symptoms, consult a healthcare professional and seek emergency medical help.

Lifestyle changes to get rid of Dizziness

Some lifestyle changes may be helpful in decreasing your episode of dizziness. Consider the following suggestions if you frequently suffer dizziness:

  • Be mindful of the risk of losing your balance, which could result in a fall and serious injury.
  • Avoid rapid movements and, if necessary, use a walking stick for stability.
  • If you feel regular dizziness without notice, don't drive a car or operate heavy machinery.
  • Caffeine, alcohol, salt, and smoke should all be avoided. Excessive usage of these substances may exacerbate your symptoms.
  • Drink enough water, eat a balanced diet, get plenty of rest, and minimize stress.
  • If a medicine is causing your dizziness, talk to your physician about stopping it or reducing the amount.
  • If your dizziness is accompanied by nausea, try taking an over-the-counter anti-nausea medication (nonprescription). 
  • If you're dizzy because of warmth or dehydration, cool down and drink some water or a sports drink.

See a doctor

It is usually preferable to have a reason for dizziness. If you have a long period of dizziness or frequent episodes of dizziness and don't know what's causing it, you should contact your physician. If you're experiencing other symptoms in addition to dizziness, such as:

  • Headache, especially if it's severe, or a headache that's not like the ones you're used to.
  • Loss of hearing or vision.
  • Speech difficulties.
  • Arms or legs are shaky.
  • Difficulty in walking
  • Periods of unconsciousness, or collapse.
  • Numbness in various parts of the body.
  • Pain in the chest.
  • A pulse that is unusually slow or rapid.
  • An erratic heartbeat.

If any of the above-mentioned symptoms are occurring for more than a while, it’s time to see a healthcare expert.