Dialysis is a treatment method that takes over the kidney function of an individual. A dialysis machine, thereby, helps in this kind of treatment. Mainly, the dialysis machine is responsible for mixing and monitoring the dialysate (the fluid that helps in removing the unwanted waste from the blood). Also, the machine monitors the flow of the blood.
There lies a safety concern while making the use of a dialysis machine. The air may get into the blood tubing. To hinder this situation, blood tubings possess two air traps that are already built into them. Such air traps don’t allow air to get into the blood tubing.
The following are the major components of a dialysis machine.
A dialyzer or artificial kidney is a part of the dialysis machine where the blood is filtered. Its core is made up of multiple tiny mesh tubes. The blood of the patient flows inside each of the tubes that already contain dialysate on the outside. The tiny pores in these tubes help the waste to move from the blood to the dialysate.
The following are the most common side effects of using a dialysis machine.
A dialysis machine should NOT be used in the following conditions.
Marked intellectual disability
Severe inflammatory bowel disease
Acute active diverticulitis
Active ischemic bowel disease
Severe active psychotic disorder
Documented type II ultrafiltration failure