Learn what is a brain tumor & can a brain tumor be cured?

The growth of abnormal cells within the brain causes a brain tumor. Some cells are cancerous ( malignant) and some are non-cancerous ( benign).

Some are found only in the brain which is also known as PRIMARY BRAIN TUMOR.

Some abnormal cells that spread from the brain to other parts are known as a metastatic brain tumor or SECONDARY BRAIN TUMOR. The growth of tumors may vary from body to body as it grows gradually depending on which part of the brain it is found.

A brain is located in the head. It is th...

brain tumor, cancer
What is cervical cancer?


Our female human body has a cervix which is the lower part of the uterus in the female reproductive system that connects to the vagina and uterus.

Cervical cancer arises from the cervix. It is the growth of abnormal cells in the cervix which could eventually spread to other parts of the body like the lungs, vagina, bladder, liver affecting the tissues of the cervix.

Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancer in ladies.

The primary risk factor of cervical cancer is HPV infection. HPV infection is Human papillom...

cervical cancer,cervical cancer symptoms, cervical cancer treatment
What is head and neck cancer?

Cancer is a disease in which cells grow out of control. Cancer of the head and neck could be seen in some areas of the neck and throat. Cancer in the larynx, throat, lips, mouth, nose, and salivary glands.

There are more than 30 areas where cancer of the neck and head can develop. If cancer of the head and neck travel to other body parts then it is called metastasis cancer. It usually begins in the lines of surfaces of the head and neck.

TYPES of head and neck cancer

- Lip and oral cavity cancer

This type of cancer forms in the lips, gums, ...

What is oral cancer?

Oral cancer starts when cells mutate and grow out of control. Oral cancer, also known as mouth cancer, is cancer that develops in any part of the mouth, including the lining of the lips, gums, tongue, roof or floor of the mouth, inner lining of the cheeks, or upper throat. In the mouth, it commonly starts as a painless white patch, that thickens, develops red patches, an ulcer, and continues to grow. The cancer cells can spread to the other parts of the body. It looks like a persistent crusting ulcer that does not heal when it develops on the lips. Oral Cancer is quite common in men than wo...

oralcancer, lipscancer,mouthcancer,gumscancer,cheekscancer,throatcancer
Signs and Symptoms of Oral Cancer

Early Signs of Oral Cancer are often mistaken for other diseases such as toothache and the common cold. It is advised to see your healthcare provider if symptoms continue for several weeks or months because the diagnosis of any disease at an earlier stage is necessary and helpful for effective treatment. 

How Does Oral Cancer Look Like?

Oral Cancer may not cause any symptom in its initial stage. Most often, a small and shallow sore (painful, at times) is found at the base of the mouth or anywhere inside the mouth. It may be colorless, red, or white. Sometimes a sore is ob...

oral cancer, mouth cancer, signs and symptoms
How Can I Prevent Oral Cancer?

Oral Cancer is caused by several changes (including changes in diet, changes in lifestyle, environmental changes, hormonal changes, and others). However, it can be prevented by knowing its real causes. 

Consumption of Tobacco and Alcohol are the major causes of Oral Cancer. Tobacco use of any kind including cigarettes, cigars, chewing tobacco, pipes, and snuff, is dangerous and can cause Oral Cancer. Other than this, a weak immune system is also prone to cancer. It has been recently observed that excessive sun exposure to the lips has also played a significant role in causing Oral ...

oral cancer,cancer, mouth disease, oral disease
What is Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer is the uncontrollable growth of cells in the prostate gland. The Prostate Gland in men is responsible for the formation of seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperms. Prostate Cancer is one of the ten top leading cancers in India. It is more common in men of age 45 and above. 


The type of Prostate Cancer depends upon the type of cancer cells, their location, and growth rate. Following are the most common types of Prostate Cancer.

  • Acinar Adenocarcinoma- It is the most common type of ...

Prone position improves Oxygenation in COVID-19 Patients

What is Proning?

A person is put in a prone position to avoid being put on a ventilator. Proning refers to a position in which an individual lies down flat on the belly and the chest. The most significant advantage of this therapy is that very little or no equipment is needed. It is an effective treatment method for ARDS (Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome).

The satisfying mechanism of Proning proves the efficacy of this therapy.

When an individual flips on his stomach, the blood eventually gets more oxygen as ox...

COVID-19, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, sars-cov-2, prone position, respiratory distress syndrome, adult, pandemics
Oncology to get its third lead for PTCL treatment

Solasia expects approval of DARINAPARSIN soon, a drug for Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma

  • Designated as an Orphan Drug in the US and EU for Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma

  • New Drug Application filed in Japan

  • Regulatory approval expected in 2022 

On June 30, 2021, Solasia Pharma K.K.announced the submission of a New Drug Application (NDA) for DARINAPARSIN, its new anti-cancer drug (development code: SP-02). Solasia is one of the specialty pharmaceutical companies based in Asia. Earlier, the firm confir...

Dyspnea (shortness of breath)

Difficult or labored breathing can be termed as shortness of breath. It is also referred to as Dyspnea. When a person undergoes shortness of breath, it is because the lungs do not get the right amount of air. The condition, most of the time, is the symptom of certain diseases. Problems like heart or lung disorders can affect your breathing adversely. Therefore, if you are facing difficulty in breathing, here’s all that you need to know. 

Many a time people get confused if they are facing breathing difficulty or not. Therefore, before stepping up on the causes or treatment of the ...

shortness of breath, dyspnea, breathless,breathing problem
What is cancer?

Cancer is a broad term that covers a range of disorders. It can grow in practically any part of the body. The majority of the cells in the body have distinct functions and lifespans. While cell death may appear to be a negative phenomenon, it is actually a natural and helpful process known as apoptosis. 

A cell is told to die so that the body can replace it with a newer, better-functioning cell. The components that tell cancerous cells to cease proliferating and die are missing.

As a result, they accumulate throughout the body, consuming oxygen and nutrients meant for o...

cancer, oral cancer, prostate cancer, breastcancer,bloodcancer,cancer symptoms
What is Nausea ?

Nausea is a stomach discomfort that increases your urge to vomit. Nausea affects almost everyone at some point in their lives, making it one of the most frequent medical issues. Nausea is a symptom of many different disorders, not a disease. In this article, we will discuss the causes and symptoms of nausea. We will also talk about the prevention of the condition and when to seek medical help. 

Nausea is also a side effect of common body changes and below mentioned is a brief for some of it:-

  • Medications:- Nausea is a typical side effect of many medications (pre...

What is Lung cancer ?

Lung cancer is the most common type of cancer in the world. It usually doesn't create symptoms until it enlarges in the lung or spreads to other parts of the body. Smoking is the most significant risk factor, however, it can also affect non-smokers.

Common symptoms of lung cancer

  • Shortness of breath
  • Coughing up blood 
  • Respiratory infection
  • Weight loss
  • Pain in chest, shoulder, or back. 

The most prevalent causes of lung cancer 

  • Inhal...
    Lung cancer, cancer,symptoms of lung cancer,causes of lung cancer
What is Breast cancer ?

The abnormal development of cells lining, the lobules or ducts of the breast, causes breast cancer. Breast cancer is caused by a single altered cell or a clone. It usually takes a long time for such clonal cells to become fully malignant, invade, and spread. During the early stages of breast cancer, it is normally painless, although growths can stretch the skin and breast tissue, causing discomfort or pain. The pain may occur anywhere in the breast or in the nipple.

There are many defined forms of breast cancer ba...

Breast Cancer, symptoms, treatment and test
What is Colorectal cancer ?

Cancer of the colon or rectum is known as colorectal cancer because they both share some common features. The colon is often known as the big intestine or large bowel. The rectum is a tube that runs from the colon to the anus. 

The majority of colon cancers are caused by polyps, which are growths within the colon's inner lining. The likelihood of a polyp turning malignant is determined by factors such as the type of polyp (adenomatous polyps are considered precancerous) and if it contains abnormal cells (called dysplasia).

Chromosomal instability, CpG islan...

Colorectal cancer, sign & symptoms, causes, treatment
What is Pancreatic cancer?

When abnormal cells in the pancreas develop and divide out of control, they create a tumor, which is called pancreatic cancer. The pancreas is a gland positioned between the stomach and the spine in the abdomen. It produces enzymes that aid digestion as well as hormones that regulate blood sugar levels. In pancreatic cancer, cells divide to generate new cells when the body requires them. Cells die as they age and are replaced by new cells and sometimes this procedure can occasionally break. When the body does not require new cells or when old cells do not die, new cells form. The additional...

Pancreatic cancer , sign & symptoms, causes, treatment
What is Dizziness?

To describe a range of sensations, dizziness is the perfect word. Sensations such as weakness, unsteadiness, the feeling of faintness, or woozy. Dizziness that leads to a sense of moving or spinning of surroundings is called vertigo. 

Dizziness can refer to a variety of feelings. Dizziness is a symptom of a problem with spatial orientation. Although a dizzy episode does not always signify a life-threatening disease, it might be frightening. Dizziness can be a sign of something more serious, such as a stroke or cardiovascular issues. Even if dizziness isn't the cause of a fa...

What is fever?

A temporary increase in the body’s temperature is referred to as a fever. Having a fever is mostly a sign of some other disease or infection. More specifically, an individual has a fever if the body temperature goes above 36–37°C (98–100°F). 

As you know the normal body temperature is 37°C. Therefore, if the temperature rises, it becomes uncomfortable at times. However, in infants, a minor increase in temperature may indicate a severe infection. Fever generally goes away in a few days. Your doctor may recommend medications to control the condition. 

What Causes a...
fever, fever symptoms, fever causes

What is Abdominal Pain?

Abdominal pain is a type of discomfort that occurs in the abdomen. The lower boundary of the ribs and diaphragm above, the pelvic bone (pubic ramus) below, and the flanks on each side define the abdomen. Although pain can begin from the tissues of the abdominal wall that surround its cavity (such as the skin and muscles), the phrase "abdominal pain" means discomfort caused by organs within the abdominal cavity. The stomach, small intestine, colon, liver, gallbladder, spleen, and pancreas are among the organs that make up the abdomen.

Causes of Abdominal Pain

Many condition...

Abdominal pain, Causes, symptoms and treatment
Central Government Aids for Cancer Treatment in India

The financial costs concerning cancer treatment are often high. Having private health insurance costs a lot. Even such insurance doesn’t guarantee full treatment. It is better to look out for financial assistance from somebody who wishes to contribute to your well-being. And, who would be a better well-wisher than your own Government?

A number of plans, schemes, and funds are laid by the Central Government of India for the welfare of its citizens. Most of them are easy to apply for and provide immediate aid as per the circumstances. Here, you will find the schemes run by different...

NGO aids cancer treatment in India

Insufficient funds are a major drawback for cancer patients because the survival of cancer patients depends on early diagnosis and proper access to medical treatment, and it is a harsh reality that most patients die due to the unaffordability of treatment. Here is a list of the top 10 NGOs that provide various facilities to cancer patients and take care of their overall needs.

St. Jude India’s Child Care Center

Patients who are undergoing treatment, especially children who travel from one city to another for treatment along with their parents. This Mumbai-based NGO h...

State Government Plans for Cancer Treatment in India

Cancer treatment costs a lot and it is not affordable for all. There are multiple expenses to be incurred and taken care of during the treatment period, including the cost of medicines, therapies, regular tests, and patient care. To make it effortless for the patients who can not afford the treatment charges, a number of schemes have been launched by the government.

The State Governments of various states of India have undertaken the goal of helping cancer patients. Many states are being benefited from such schemes. Read below and check if you qualify for assistance.

Chief ...

Covid 19 Third-wave and Cancer Patients: What’s the connection?

After the measureless loss to millions of people in the first two waves, now the mention of the forthcoming third wave is nothing more than a curse to human life. 

Covid has largely infected the older age group in the last year but in the second wave, the adults and children also got infected due to the mutant variant. Although problems can occur in any case, patients with the immune-compromised state are more likely to get infected as compared to others. 

Cancer is a known immunocompromised condition and it is a known risk factor. Furthermore, cancer has become one of the...

covid, coronavirus, covid-19, covid third wave, corona effect on cancer patients
Kadmon Acquires FDA Approval For Belumosudil

Chronic Graft-Versus-Host Disease Gets a New Treatment: Belumosudil

  • Belumosudil got FDA Approval on July 16, 2021, to treat Chronic Graft-Versus-Host Disease (chronic GVHD).
  • Eligible patients must be aged at least 12 years and have received two prior systemic therapies.

Patients suffering from Chronic Graft-Versus-Host Disease now have an efficacious treatment option, Belumosudil. On 16th July 2021, US FDA (Food and Drug Administration) approved Belumosudil (marketed by Kadmon Pharmaceuticals LLC under the brand name Rezurock) for the treatment of t...

cancer medicine, new medicine, new research,
Viral Disease

The presence of a virus in the body causes infection. Viruses can infect practically any sort of body tissue, from the brain to the skin, depending on the virus and the person's condition. Antibiotics (antibacterial drugs) cannot treat viral infections; in fact, in some situations, antibacterial antibiotics may create side effects that complicate the viral infection. With a little help from an adequate diet, hydration, and relaxation, the vast majority of human viral infections can be efficiently battled by the body's own immune system. Treatment for the rest is determined by the virus's na...

What is HIV

Basics of HIV: Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Key points

  • HIV is a virus that attacks the body's natural defense system, the immune system.
  • If HIV is not treated, a person's immune system will deteriorate to the point where it will be unable to fight life-threatening infections and diseases.
  • Further, AIDS is a combination of symptoms and illnesses that occur at the last stage of HIV infection.
  • If you get tested for HIV on a regular basis, your healthcare expert will prescribe antiretrov...
    HIV, AIDS, hiv treatment, hiv symptoms, hiv treatment
Dr. Reddy’s: First to Launch Women Hair Loss Drug in India

  • Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO) nods to Minoxidil topical solution in India.

  • Dr. Reddy’s announced the launch of Minoxidil topical solution for female pattern hair loss (FPHL).

On September 7, 2021, Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories announced the launch of a prescription medicine namely Minoxidil topical solution USP 2% and 5% for the treatment of female pattern hair loss (FPHL) following its first-ever approval by the Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO) in India. 

While Minoxidil topical solution ...

FDA Approves the First COVID-19 Vaccine by Pfizer-BioNTech

  • The Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine becomes the “first” to receive FDA approval.

  • Its marketing name will be “Comirnaty” (pronounced as koe-mir'na-tee).

On August 23, 2021, the US Food and Drug Administration granted full approval to the COVID-19 Vaccine by Pfizer-BioNTech to prevent COVID-19 in individuals aged above 16 years. Now, it will be marketed as Comirnaty. Nevertheless, the vaccine remains applicable for emergency use (under EUA) in younger individuals aged 12 through 15 years. Plus, the administration of the...

FDA Approves covid vaccine, covid new vaccine
FDA Approves Mobocertinib for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer with EGFR Exon 20 Insertion

  • Mobocertinib gets accelerated approval for adult patients diagnosed with metastatic or locally advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer with EGFR (epidermal growth factor receptor) Exon 20 Insertion.
  • Approval was based on the results of the Phase 1/2 trial that demonstrated approximately 1.5 years of median duration of response.

On September 15, 2021, the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) granted accelerated approval to Mobocertinib (sold under the brand name EXKIVITY by Takeda Pharmaceuticals, Inc.) for the treatment of patients suffering from metastatic or loca...

mobocertinib tablet, exkivity tablet,Takeda Pharmaceuticals, Takeda Pharmaceuticals new medicine
FDA Approves Enzyvant’s Rethymic for Pediatric Congenital Athymia

  • RETHYMIC by Enzyvant Sciences becomes the first and only therapy that is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for Congenital Athymia.
  • Enzyvant’s RETHYMIC is indicated for use in patients with an Ultra Rare Pediatric Disease for immune reconstitution.

On October 8, 2021, Enzyvant Sciences received the approval of RETHYMIC for immune reconstitution in pediatric patients diagnosed with Congenital Athymia, a type of rare immune disorder. With this, Rethymic becomes the first and only treatment option for such an ultra-rare pediatric disease.

Swissmedic Approves QINLOCK by Deciphera for Fourth-Line Treatment of Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor

  • Worldwide, this is the seventh approval for QINLOCK. 
  • In Europe, it is the first approval for this medicine.
  • Swissmedic, the Swiss Agency for Therapeutic Products, has approved QINLOCK (ripretinib) for Fourth-Line Treatment of Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor.

On October 12, 2021, Deciphera Pharmaceuticals, Inc. announced that the Swissmedic or the Swiss Agency for Therapeutic Products has granted approval to QINLOCK (ripretinib) for the fourth-line treatment of those adult patients diagnosed with Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor who have already r...

Genentech’s Tecentriq Gets FDA Approval For Early Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer as Adjuvant Treatment

  • The Food and Drug Administration, USA, approves Tecentriq as the first immunotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer in the adjuvant setting.
  • The approval of Tecentriq was based on the Phase III IMpower010 study that showed an improvement in disease-free survival in comparison with best supportive care.

On October 15, 2021, Genentech announced the approval of Tecentriq (atezolizumab) by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as adjuvant treatment for adult patients diagnosed with Stage II-IIIA non-small cell lung cancer following surgery and platinum-base...

FDA Approves BioMarin’s Voxzogo to treat Dwarfism in Children

BioMarin Pharmaceutical’s Voxzogo (vosoritide) injection received approval by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) on November 19, 2021, to manage Dwarfism in children. It can now be used to improve growth in children aged above 5 years who are suffering from open epiphyses (growth plates) and achondroplasia (short-limbed dwarfism). This means that such patients can still manage the condition and grow. Earlier in August 2021, Voxzogo (vosoritide) injection received approval for use in Europe. 

The approval of VOXZOGO injection was based on the results of a double-blind,...

FDA Approves | BioMarin’s Voxzogo drug | Dwarfism in Children
Molnupiravir: A potential COVID-19 drug

Facts You Must Know

Salt composition: Molnupiravir

Dosage form: Capsules

Packaging: Strip

Administration route: Oral

Prescription required: Yes

Storage: Store at room temperature.

Shelf life: 18 months

Common brand names: Monuvir and Lagevrio

Indication:  Adult patients with COVID-19 who are at risk of developing severe symptoms

Recommended dose: 800mg dose every 12 hours for 5 days

Pediatric Patients: Not recommended for use in patients aged below 19 years

What is Molnupiravir?


molnupiravir | covid-19 | Pharmaceuticals | SKF Pharmaceuticals | Lagevrio
Merck’s Covid-19 Drug Molnupiravir has “major safety concerns”

Recently approved oral antiviral drug for COVID-19, Merck’s Molnupiravir, has “major safety concerns,” said Balram Bhargava, director general of ICMR (Indian Council of Medical Research) on January 5, 2022. He added that Molnupiravir has safety concerns including teratogenicity, severe damage to the bones and muscles, and mutagenicity. Thus, it is not added in the national task-force treatment of coronavirus. With this, he confirmed that the drug has not been added by the World Health Organisation (WHO) and the UK also. 

Bhargava said that the...

Pfizer’s Paxlovid First Oral Antiviral for Covid-19

Paxlovid (Nirmatrelvir/Ritonavir) is an investigational SARS-CoV-2 protease inhibitor antiviral therapy that received an emergency use authorization (EUA) by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The agency confirmed that Paxlovid is authorized for the treatment of mild-to-moderate COVID-19 in adults and pediatric patients who are at an increased risk of progressing to severe illness. The dosage recommended for this drug is three pills (one of ritonavir and two of nirmatrelvir) twice a day for a total of 30 pills.

They added that ...

paxlovid, antiviral, covid-19, nirmatrelvir, ritonavir
Tavneos (Avacopan) as Oral Add-on for ANCA-Associated Vasculitis Approved in EU

TAVNEOS (Avacopan) receives the approval of the European Commission as an oral add-on drug for the treatment of adult patients with severe GPA (granulomatosis polyangiitis) and MPA (microscopic polyangiitis). GPA and MPA are the two common types of ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV). Its launch is expected this year. 


Tavneos will be the first oral therapy approved for this disease in the European Union (EU). This drug has been authorized for oral use in combination with a regimen of c...

Arthritis Medicine & Ways to Manage Pain during Monsoon

Arthritis is joint pain and stiffness that starts happening over a period of time. In this case, the pain becomes worse as the age progresses. Therefore, this condition requires proper treatment. You can find the early signs of arthritis pain as morning joint stiffness meaning the joint pain that is felt during the time when you wake up in the morning. This involves swelling of the joints, fever, numbness, and chronic fatigue. This arthritis pain is also affected by the season.

Arthritis pain is commonly of two types, i.e., osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The pr...

Treatment of Anemia in Cancer

Anemia is a condition of having fewer red blood cells within your body. This indicates that your blood has less than the normal hemoglobin (Hgb) levels. Hemoglobin is responsible for carrying oxygen to all the cells inside your body and it is part of red blood cells (RBC). This condition is a side effect of cancer.


This can occur due to various reasons such as cancer treatment like radiation or chemotherapy, blood loss, lack of certain vitamins or minerals in your diet due to less eating, low iron levels in the blood, major organ problems, chronic kidney ...

Galleri: New Blood Test for Cancer

How would you beat cancer without knowing you have it?

Galleri is a new multi-cancer blood test. It is a promising diagnostic solution to detect cancers. A biotech company, GRAIL manufactured it. However, the test is not exactly new. Back in 2016, Illumina Inc. (another biotech company) announced the formation of this blood test. In fact, the company expressed that it may “decrease cancer mortality” in the future.


You might think how can a cancer blood test decrease the number of patients dying from ...

Hair Loss (Alopecia): Causes & Treatment

Hair loss is a common problem faced by people globally. More than 80% of males and 55% of females worry about their hair issues. This article deals with the causes of hair loss, ways to grow back hair, and treat hair fall.

Causes of Hair Loss

For almost 70% of people in the world, hair and hairstyles are precious. And, one of the most searched questions we might come across is ‘what causes hair fall?’ Here, you will find some common causes of hair loss, causes specific to females, and foods that ...

All About Pazopanib

Pazopanib is a targeted therapy medicine for certain cancers. It is marketed as Votrient and Paznib among others. The drug is indicated for the treatment of patients with advanced renal cell cancer (kidney cancer). It is also prescribed to treat metastatic soft tissue sarcoma in some patients prior to chemotherapy. It is available as tablets of strengths 200 mg and 400 mg for oral administration.


FDA Approval History:

For advanced renal...

All About Pazopanib
All About Fulvestrant

Fulvestrant is a hormone therapy drug for cancer. It is marketed as Faslodex and Fulvant among others. The medicine is indicated for the treatment of metastatic breast cancer in postmenopausal women. It is available in the form of pre-filled syringes with a strength of 250 mg/5ml.


FDA Approval History:

For Tamoxifen-Resistant Breast Cancer: Apr 25, 2002

For Advanced HR+ Breast Cancer in Postmenopausal Women: Sep 13, 2010

For HR+, HER2- Advanced Breast Cancer: Aug 28, 2017




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