WHAT IS BRAIN TUMOR ?

Learn what is a brain tumor & can a brain tumor be cured?

The growth of abnormal cells within the brain causes a brain tumor. Some cells are cancerous ( malignant) and some are non-cancerous ( benign).

Some are found only in the brain which is also known as PRIMARY BRAIN TUMOR.

Some abnormal cells that spread from the brain to other parts are known as a metastatic brain tumor or SECONDARY BRAIN TUMOR. The growth of tumors may vary from body to body as it grows gradually depending on which part of the brain it is found.

A brain is located in the head. It is th...

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What is cervical cancer?

What is CERVICAL CANCER?

Our female human body has a cervix which is the lower part of the uterus in the female reproductive system that connects to the vagina and uterus.

Cervical cancer arises from the cervix. It is the growth of abnormal cells in the cervix which could eventually spread to other parts of the body like the lungs, vagina, bladder, liver affecting the tissues of the cervix.

Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancer in ladies.

The primary risk factor of cervical cancer is HPV infection. HPV infection is Human papillom...

cervical cancer,cervical cancer symptoms, cervical cancer treatment
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What is head and neck cancer?

Cancer is a disease in which cells grow out of control. Cancer of the head and neck could be seen in some areas of the neck and throat. Cancer in the larynx, throat, lips, mouth, nose, and salivary glands.

There are more than 30 areas where cancer of the neck and head can develop. If cancer of the head and neck travel to other body parts then it is called metastasis cancer. It usually begins in the lines of surfaces of the head and neck.

TYPES of head and neck cancer

- Lip and oral cavity cancer

This type of cancer forms in the lips, gums, ...

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What is oral cancer?

Oral cancer starts when cells mutate and grow out of control. Oral cancer, also known as mouth cancer, is cancer that develops in any part of the mouth, including the lining of the lips, gums, tongue, roof or floor of the mouth, inner lining of the cheeks, or upper throat. In the mouth, it commonly starts as a painless white patch, that thickens, develops red patches, an ulcer, and continues to grow. The cancer cells can spread to the other parts of the body. It looks like a persistent crusting ulcer that does not heal when it develops on the lips. Oral Cancer is quite common in men than wo...

oralcancer, lipscancer,mouthcancer,gumscancer,cheekscancer,throatcancer
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Signs and Symptoms of Oral Cancer

Early Signs of Oral Cancer are often mistaken for other diseases such as toothache and the common cold. It is advised to see your healthcare provider if symptoms continue for several weeks or months because the diagnosis of any disease at an earlier stage is necessary and helpful for effective treatment. 

How Does Oral Cancer Look Like?

Oral Cancer may not cause any symptom in its initial stage. Most often, a small and shallow sore (painful, at times) is found at the base of the mouth or anywhere inside the mouth. It may be colorless, red, or white. Sometimes a sore is ob...

oral cancer, mouth cancer, signs and symptoms
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How Can I Prevent Oral Cancer?

Oral Cancer is caused by several changes (including changes in diet, changes in lifestyle, environmental changes, hormonal changes, and others). However, it can be prevented by knowing its real causes. 

Consumption of Tobacco and Alcohol are the major causes of Oral Cancer. Tobacco use of any kind including cigarettes, cigars, chewing tobacco, pipes, and snuff, is dangerous and can cause Oral Cancer. Other than this, a weak immune system is also prone to cancer. It has been recently observed that excessive sun exposure to the lips has also played a significant role in causing Oral ...

oral cancer,cancer, mouth disease, oral disease
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What is Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer is the uncontrollable growth of cells in the prostate gland. The Prostate Gland in men is responsible for the formation of seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperms. Prostate Cancer is one of the ten top leading cancers in India. It is more common in men of age 45 and above. 

Types

The type of Prostate Cancer depends upon the type of cancer cells, their location, and growth rate. Following are the most common types of Prostate Cancer.

  • Acinar Adenocarcinoma- It is the most common type of cancer growi...

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Prone position improves Oxygenation in COVID-19 Patients

What is Proning?

A person is put in a prone position to avoid being put on a ventilator. Proning refers to a position in which an individual lies down flat on the belly and the chest. The most significant advantage of this therapy is that very little or no equipment is needed. It is an effective treatment method for ARDS (Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome).

The satisfying mechanism of Proning proves the efficacy of this therapy.

When an individual flips on his stomach, the blood eventually gets more oxygen as ox...

COVID-19, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, sars-cov-2, prone position, respiratory distress syndrome, adult, pandemics
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Oncology to get its third lead for PTCL treatment

Solasia expects approval of DARINAPARSIN soon, a drug for Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma

  • Designated as an Orphan Drug in the US and EU for Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma

  • New Drug Application filed in Japan

  • Regulatory approval expected in 2022 

On June 30, 2021, Solasia Pharma K.K.announced the submission of a New Drug Application (NDA) for DARINAPARSIN, its new anti-cancer drug (development code: SP-02). Solasia is one of the specialty pharmaceutical companies based in Asia. Earlier, the firm confir...

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Dyspnea (shortness of breath)

Difficult or labored breathing can be termed as shortness of breath. It is also referred to as Dyspnea. When a person undergoes shortness of breath, it is because the lungs do not get the right amount of air. The condition, most of the time, is the symptom of certain diseases. Problems like heart or lung disorders can affect your breathing adversely. Therefore, if you are facing difficulty in breathing, here’s all that you need to know. 

Many a time people get confused if they are facing breathing difficulty or not. Therefore, before stepping up on the causes or treatment of the ...

shortness of breath, dyspnea, breathless,breathing problem
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What is cancer?

Cancer is a broad term that covers a range of disorders. It can grow in practically any part of the body. The majority of the cells in the body have distinct functions and lifespans. While cell death may appear to be a negative phenomenon, it is actually a natural and helpful process known as apoptosis. 

A cell is told to die so that the body can replace it with a newer, better-functioning cell. The components that tell cancerous cells to cease proliferating and die are missing.

As a result, they accumulate throughout the body, consuming oxygen and nutrients meant for o...

cancer, oral cancer, prostate cancer, breastcancer,bloodcancer,cancer symptoms
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What is Nausea ?

Nausea is a stomach discomfort that increases your urge to vomit. Nausea affects almost everyone at some point in their lives, making it one of the most frequent medical issues. Nausea is a symptom of many different disorders, not a disease. In this article, we will discuss the causes and symptoms of nausea. We will also talk about the prevention of the condition and when to seek medical help. 

Nausea is also a side effect of common body changes and below mentioned is a brief for some of it:-

  • Medications:- Nausea is a typical side effect of many medications (pre...

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What is Lung cancer ?

Lung cancer is the most common type of cancer in the world. It usually doesn't create symptoms until it enlarges in the lung or spreads to other parts of the body. Smoking is the most significant risk factor, however, it can also affect non-smokers.

Common symptoms of lung cancer

  • Shortness of breath
  • Coughing up blood 
  • Respiratory infection
  • Weight loss
  • Pain in chest, shoulder, or back. 

The most prevalent causes of lung cancer 

  • Inhaling toxins from industrial chem...
    Lung cancer, cancer,symptoms of lung cancer,causes of lung cancer
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What is Breast cancer ?

The abnormal development of cells lining, the lobules or ducts of the breast, causes breast cancer. Breast cancer is caused by a single altered cell or a clone. It usually takes a long time for such clonal cells to become fully malignant, invade, and spread. During the early stages of breast cancer, it is normally painless, although growths can stretch the skin and breast tissue, causing discomfort or pain. The pain may occur anywhere in the breast or in the nipple.

There are many defined forms of breast cancer based on their invasiveness compared to the initial tumor locations amon...

Breast Cancer, symptoms, treatment and test
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What is Colorectal cancer ?

Cancer of the colon or rectum is known as colorectal cancer because they both share some common features. The colon is often known as the big intestine or large bowel. The rectum is a tube that runs from the colon to the anus. 

The majority of colon cancers are caused by polyps, which are growths within the colon's inner lining. The likelihood of a polyp turning malignant is determined by factors such as the type of polyp (adenomatous polyps are considered precancerous) and if it contains abnormal cells (called dysplasia).

Chromosomal instability, CpG islan...

Colorectal cancer, sign & symptoms, causes, treatment
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What is Pancreatic cancer?

When abnormal cells in the pancreas develop and divide out of control, they create a tumor, which is called pancreatic cancer. The pancreas is a gland positioned between the stomach and the spine in the abdomen. It produces enzymes that aid digestion as well as hormones that regulate blood sugar levels. In pancreatic cancer, cells divide to generate new cells when the body requires them. Cells die as they age and are replaced by new cells and sometimes this procedure can occasionally break. When the body does not require new cells or when old cells do not die, new cells form. The additional...

Pancreatic cancer , sign & symptoms, causes, treatment
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What is Dizziness?

To describe a range of sensations, dizziness is the perfect word. Sensations such as weakness, unsteadiness, the feeling of faintness, or woozy. Dizziness that leads to a sense of moving or spinning of surroundings is called vertigo. 

Dizziness can refer to a variety of feelings. Dizziness is a symptom of a problem with spatial orientation. Although a dizzy episode does not always signify a life-threatening disease, it might be frightening. Dizziness can be a sign of something more serious, such as a stroke or cardiovascular issues. Even if dizziness isn't the cause of a fa...

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What is fever?

A temporary increase in the body’s temperature is referred to as a fever. Having a fever is mostly a sign of some other disease or infection. More specifically, an individual has a fever if the body temperature goes above 36–37°C (98–100°F). 

As you know the normal body temperature is 37°C. Therefore, if the temperature rises, it becomes uncomfortable at times. However, in infants, a minor increase in temperature may indicate a severe infection. Fever generally goes away in a few days. Your doctor may recommend medications to control the condition. 

What Causes a...
fever, fever symptoms, fever causes
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What is Abdominal Pain?

Abdominal pain is a type of discomfort that occurs in the abdomen. The lower boundary of the ribs and diaphragm above, the pelvic bone (pubic ramus) below, and the flanks on each side define the abdomen. Although pain can begin from the tissues of the abdominal wall that surround its cavity (such as the skin and muscles), the phrase "abdominal pain" means discomfort caused by organs within the abdominal cavity. The stomach, small intestine, colon, liver, gallbladder, spleen, and pancreas are among the organs that make up the abdomen.

Causes of Abdominal Pain

Many condition...

Abdominal pain, Causes, symptoms and treatment
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Central Government Aids for Cancer Treatment in India

The financial costs concerning cancer treatment are often high. Having private health insurance costs a lot. Even such insurance doesn’t guarantee full treatment. It is better to look out for financial assistance from somebody who wishes to contribute to your well-being. And, who would be a better well-wisher than your own Government?

A number of plans, schemes, and funds are laid by the Central Government of India for the welfare of its citizens. Most of them are easy to apply for and provide immediate aid as per the circumstances. Here, you will find the schemes run by different...

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NGO aids cancer treatment in India

Insufficient funds are a major drawback for cancer patients because the survival of cancer patients depends on early diagnosis and proper access to medical treatment, and it is a harsh reality that most patients die due to the unaffordability of treatment. Here is a list of the top 10 NGOs that provide various facilities to cancer patients and take care of their overall needs.

St. Jude India’s Child Care Center

Patients who are undergoing treatment, especially children who travel from one city to another for treatment along with their parents. This Mumbai-based NGO h...

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State Government Plans for Cancer Treatment in India

Cancer treatment costs a lot and it is not affordable for all. There are multiple expenses to be incurred and taken care of during the treatment period, including the cost of medicines, therapies, regular tests, and patient care. To make it effortless for the patients who can not afford the treatment charges, a number of schemes have been launched by the government.

The State Governments of various states of India have undertaken the goal of helping cancer patients. Many states are being benefited from such schemes. Read below and check if you qualify for assistance.

Chief ...
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Covid 19 Third-wave and Cancer Patients: What’s the connection?

After the measureless loss to millions of people in the first two waves, now the mention of the forthcoming third wave is nothing more than a curse to human life. 

Covid has largely infected the older age group in the last year but in the second wave, the adults and children also got infected due to the mutant variant. Although problems can occur in any case, patients with the immune-compromised state are more likely to get infected as compared to others. 

Cancer is a known immunocompromised condition and it is a known risk factor. Furthermore, cancer has become one of the...

covid, coronavirus, covid-19, covid third wave, corona effect on cancer patients
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Kadmon Acquires FDA Approval For Belumosudil

Chronic Graft-Versus-Host Disease Gets a New Treatment: Belumosudil

  • Belumosudil got FDA Approval on July 16, 2021, to treat Chronic Graft-Versus-Host Disease (chronic GVHD).
  • Eligible patients must be aged at least 12 years and have received two prior systemic therapies.

Patients suffering from Chronic Graft-Versus-Host Disease now have an efficacious treatment option, Belumosudil. On 16th July 2021, US FDA (Food and Drug Administration) approved Belumosudil (marketed by Kadmon Pharmaceuticals LLC under the brand name Rezurock) for the treatment of t...

cancer medicine, new medicine, new research,
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Viral Disease

The presence of a virus in the body causes infection. Viruses can infect practically any sort of body tissue, from the brain to the skin, depending on the virus and the person's condition. Antibiotics (antibacterial drugs) cannot treat viral infections; in fact, in some situations, antibacterial antibiotics may create side effects that complicate the viral infection. With a little help from an adequate diet, hydration, and relaxation, the vast majority of human viral infections can be efficiently battled by the body's own immune system. Treatment for the rest is determined by the virus's na...

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What is HIV

Basics of HIV: Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Key points

  • HIV is a virus that attacks the body's natural defense system, the immune system.
  • If HIV is not treated, a person's immune system will deteriorate to the point where it will be unable to fight life-threatening infections and diseases.
  • Further, AIDS is a combination of symptoms and illnesses that occur at the last stage of HIV infection.
  • If you get tested for HIV on a regular basis, your healthcare expert will prescribe antiretrov...
    HIV, AIDS, hiv treatment, hiv symptoms, hiv treatment
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Dr. Reddy’s: First to Launch Women Hair Loss Drug in India

  • Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO) nods to Minoxidil topical solution in India.

  • Dr. Reddy’s announced the launch of Minoxidil topical solution for female pattern hair loss (FPHL).

On September 7, 2021, Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories announced the launch of a prescription medicine namely Minoxidil topical solution USP 2% and 5% for the treatment of female pattern hair loss (FPHL) following its first-ever approval by the Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO) in India. 

While Minoxidil topical solution ...

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FDA Approves the First COVID-19 Vaccine by Pfizer-BioNTech

  • The Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine becomes the “first” to receive FDA approval.

  • Its marketing name will be “Comirnaty” (pronounced as koe-mir'na-tee).

On August 23, 2021, the US Food and Drug Administration granted full approval to the COVID-19 Vaccine by Pfizer-BioNTech to prevent COVID-19 in individuals aged above 16 years. Now, it will be marketed as Comirnaty. Nevertheless, the vaccine remains applicable for emergency use (under EUA) in younger individuals aged 12 through 15 years. Plus, the administration of the...

FDA Approves covid vaccine, covid new vaccine
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FDA Approves Mobocertinib for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer with EGFR Exon 20 Insertion

  • Mobocertinib gets accelerated approval for adult patients diagnosed with metastatic or locally advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer with EGFR (epidermal growth factor receptor) Exon 20 Insertion.
  • Approval was based on the results of the Phase 1/2 trial that demonstrated approximately 1.5 years of median duration of response.

On September 15, 2021, the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) granted accelerated approval to Mobocertinib (sold under the brand name EXKIVITY by Takeda Pharmaceuticals, Inc.) for the treatment of patients suffering from metastatic or loca...

mobocertinib tablet, exkivity tablet,Takeda Pharmaceuticals, Takeda Pharmaceuticals new medicine
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